Sunday, 1 May 2016

SQ 109, Pyrrole Hybrid Derivatives, Potent Antitubercular Agents Effective against Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacteria

Abstract Image

Novel pyrroles have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated against mycobacterial strains. The pyrroles have originally been designed as hybrids of the antitubercular drugs BM212 (1) and SQ109 (2), which showed common chemical features with very similar topological distribution. A perfect superposition of the structures of 1 and 2 revealed by computational studies suggested the introduction of bulky substituents at the terminal portion of the pyrrole C3 side chain and the removal of the C5 aryl moiety. Five compounds showed high activity towardMycobacterium tuberculosis, while 9b and 9c were highly active also against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates. Compound 9c showed low eukaryotic cell toxicity, turning out to be an excellent lead candidate for preclinical trials. In addition, four compounds showed potent inhibition (comparable to that of verapamil) toward the whole-cell drug efflux pump activity of mycobacteria, thus turning out to be promising multidrug-resistance-reversing agents.

Design and Synthesis of 1-((1,5-Bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2-methyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)methyl)-4-methylpiperazine (BM212) and N-Adamantan-2-yl-N′-((E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienyl)ethane-1,2-diamine (SQ109) Pyrrole Hybrid Derivatives: Discovery of Potent Antitubercular Agents Effective against Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacteria

Mycobacteria Research Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, U.K.
Department of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University Newcastle, Ellison Place, NE1 8ST, Newcastle upon Tyne,U.K.
§ Centre for Clinical Microbiology, University College London, London, NW3 2PF U.K.
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Chimica e Farmacia, Università di Siena, Via Aldo Moro 2, I-53100 Siena, Italy
Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, King’s College London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, U.K.
# School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Durham University, Queen’s Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, TS17 6BH, U.K.
J. Med. Chem., 2016, 59 (6), pp 2780–2793
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b00031
Publication Date (Web): February 23, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society
*FB: e-mail, fabrizio.manetti@unisi.it; tel, +390577234256., *D.C.: e-mail, daniele.castagnolo@kcl.ac.uk; tel, +44(0)2078484506.
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b00031
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SQ109 is a drug undergoing development for treatment of tuberculosis.[1][2]

Background

On October 16, 2007, it was given the status of Orphan drug by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use against drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB bacteria.[3]
SQ109 completed three phase I studies in the U.S. and one Phase II efficacy studies in tuberculosis patients in Africa. SQ109 showed activity against both drug susceptible and Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis bacteria, including Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis strains. In preclinical studies SQ109 enhanced the activity of anti-tubercular drugs isoniazid and rifampin and reduced by >30% the time required to cure mice of experimental TB.
SQ109 is being developed by OOO Infectex in Russia and by Sequella Inc internationally. In July 2012, Infectex received notification from the Russian Ministry of Health for approval to begin the pivotal clinical trial associated with a drug registration submission, and can proceed with the clinical development of SQ109 for treatment of tuberculosis in the Russian Federation.[4]

References

 

"PRESS RELEASE Maxwell Biotech Venture Fund`s Portfolio Company, Infectex, Receives Russian Regulator`s Approval to Conduct Pivotal Clinical Trial for Sequella's Antibiotic, SQ109, for Tuberculosis". Reuters. 26 July 2012.

SQ109
AntitubercularSQ109.svg
Names
IUPAC name
N-Adamantan-2-yl-N'-((E)-3,7-dimethyl-octa-2,6-dienyl)-ethane-1,2-diamine
Identifiers
7997
Jmol 3D modelInteractive image
PubChem5274428
Properties
C22H38N2
Molar mass330.56 g·mol−1
SQ109; SQ-109; SQ 109; UNII-9AU7XUV31A; CHEMBL561057; N'-(2-adamantyl)-N-[(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienyl]ethane-1,2-diamine;   More...
Molecular Formula:C22H38N2
Molecular Weight:330.55052 g/mol
SQ109 is an orally active, small molecule antibiotic for treatment of pulmonary TB. Currently in Phase I clinical trials, SQ109 could replace one or more drugs in the current first-line TB drug regimen, simplify therapy, and shorten the TB treatment regimen.
Patent IDDatePatent Title
US20140457912014-02-13COMBINATION THERAPY TO TREAT MYCOBACTERIUM DISEASES
US82029102012-06-19Compositions and methods for treatment of infectious disease
US20111183072011-05-19Compositions and methods for the treatment of infectious diseases
US78427292010-11-30Anti tubercular drug: compositions and methods
US20092810542009-11-12COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS COMPRISING CAPURAMYCIN ANALOGUES
US74562222008-11-25Anti tubercular drug: compositions and methods
US69519612005-10-04Methods of use and compositions for the diagnosis and treatment of infectious disease
US20040339862004-02-19Anti tubercular drug: compositions and methods
US20040191172004-01-29Anti tubercular drug: compostions and methods
///////SQ109, bm 212

1 comment:

  1. Recent study is carried out on enoyl acyl carrier protein enzyme to provide some understanding into the mechanism of action of these compounds. amino acid abbreviations

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